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Graphology Handwriting Analysis: How to Recognize Abuse

What is abuse?

Any behavior, which provokes fear of violence or isolation, emotional stress or mental anguish. Any behavior, which diminishes a person’s sense of identity, dignity, or self-worth. This includes: threatening, name-calling, humiliating, withholding affection, social isolation, removal of decision-making rights, insulting, harassment, intimidation, and coercion.

Emotional abuse in contrast to physical abuse is harder to recognize because it doesn’t have the obvious signs. A raised hand is physical abuse. Bruising is physical abuse. However, emotional bruising, although at times more damaging, is more difficult to identify.

The abusive personality:

Breaking objects close by- Particularly items that are precious to you. When in an argument, the abuser is apt to cause damage, such as punching a wall, throwing things.

Confesses to harming someone- Nevertheless blames that person for causing him to do it.

Controlling- The abuser requires things his way. They are into manipulating through threats and physical strength.

Denies blunders- An abuser refuses to claim responsibility for his actions. When you ask him why he said those mean things to you, he will say “I never did that” or “I have no idea what you’re talking about.”

Displays low self-worth- Even where self- confidence is poor, he is inclined to behave authoritatively… and this he conveys by debasing others to raise himself.

Excuses by rationalizing conduct- Instead of feeling sorry, abusers tend to use an excuse or blame for what happened. For example- “I had a rough day, so when you asked me that question, I lost my temper.” Alternatively, “It’s your fault. I wouldn’t have broken your picture if you hadn’t butted in.” The abuser rarely holds himself accountable.

Exhibits enthrallment with anything connected to violence.

Fights- An abusive person wants to quarrel with others. It excites him to see others being hurt.

Illustrates no regard for others, cruel to animals. Shows no esteem to elders, harms children.

Jealousy/extreme possessiveness- An abusive person will ask who you are speaking with– becomes jealous when you spend time with family.

Transfers anger on you even when angry with someone else. An abuser’s temper is almost beyond control. Surge of fury is demonstrated when something triggers him.

Violates boundaries by marching into your personal space.

Note: Regardless of how a person writes, he can perform or refrain from performing any act he so desires. Handwriting shows one’s inclination. The stronger one’s tendency to a particular matter, the more likely the person will act in such a manner, unless he chooses otherwise.

How to recognize abusive behavior:

Handwriting details must be repeated at least three times within fifty words for there to be some significance. If two or more of these different signs appear, there is a distinct leaning toward abusive behavior.

Extremely Heavy Pressured t Bars (especially when written downward or on the right side of the t stem, when there is an extra flow of ink from the pen at the end of a stroke): Indicates frustration and anger. The more it occurs, the faster such writers will lose control over their emotions. They should not be hired as teachers as they will quickly get frustrated and angry with children who misbehave.

Muddiness: Sets of strokes that are all run together like a splotch of ink – muddy and murky. Writing which looks thick or has filled ovals (such as an ‘a,’ ‘e,’ ‘o,’ etc.) will indicate the writer’s five senses are fully active. They enjoy the pleasures and comforts of life some even too much. This indicates a jealous, self-indulgent person who is crude and who lacks sensitivity. They generally have a “What’s in it for me?” attitude and heavy impulses that the writer frequently does not curb. They especially like material possessions, luxury, color and textures. Guilt and anxiety are usually present, as well.

Claws: Like a hook, the claw keeps the writer holding on to frustration, embarrassment and past grievances. His defensive attitude makes it hard for others to deal with him, as he is constantly concerned with protecting his ego. Does not tolerate argument, opposition, and infringement on his territory or personal life. The claw-like letters indicate bitterness, bad instincts…and clawing. A claw coming up from the lower zone and going above the baseline may be a strong sign of dishonesty and may have been one of the reasons for the name “felon’s claw.” It betrays the writer’s need or insatiable hunger to ‘draw unto himself.’ Its meaning is ‘Take!’ ‘Pounce!’… directed at all the things that have allegedly been denied. They may include emotional, financial, or physical means of survival as understood by the writer.

Writing Descends: Writing that slopes downward. This shows depression. Although a depressed individual may seek to withdraw from contact with the environment, this would be difficult for a depressed teacher in a classroom setting. When challenged with a particularly provocative student, abusive behavior may result.

Heavily Hooked Writing: Very hard time letting go. This reveals selfishness and greed. The first letter in a word refers to the writer, the last to his relations with others, and in this sample, there are many hooks in the first (middle) and last letters.

Twisted Letters in the lower zone: Distorted emotions. The lower zone is concerned with a person’s basic needs. The indistinct script in this area reflects his sentiments.

Very Angular Writing (and no round letters): Heavy aggression and high energy. Uptight, tense, rigid and totally inflexible.

Joel Engel is the author of ‘Graphology at Home’ and ‘Handwriting Analysis Self-Taught’ published by Penguin Books.

Source by Joel Engel


Short Story Structure Simplified

Short story structure demands that you abandon all ideas of forming your own brand of storytelling. The rules are very simple: comply to the form that sells, or you don’t sell.

Short story structure has been around since the beginning of time. You can read short stories in the Bible and on cave walls. They all have the same structure; so don’t try to reinvent the wheel.

Every short story has a theme – that invisible thread that runs from beginning to end, delivering a silent message to the reader. For example, Moby Dick wasn’t about hunting whales. It was about revenge. Gone With the Wind wasn’t about love. It was about Scarlet O’Hara’s manipulation and control and how it led to her devastation.

So – what is your story about? When you know the overall theme, think of the middle scene – the plot. What will be the one scene that will turn the whole story? Get that firmly in your mind, take notes on it, and then head your whole story toward that objective.

Every story must have conflict, and without it, you are dead in the water. What is your conflict? There are five kinds:

· Man vs. man – any kind of man, woman, or child conflicting with anyone else

· Man vs. nature – any kind of conflict where man battles nature, whether it be a storm or wild animal

· Man vs. self – I advise new writers to stay away from this one. It deals with a man, woman or child battling with themselves. It is difficult to bring this kind of story to a good resolution.

· Man vs. society – man, woman or child battling with peers, groups, society, organizations, authority, etc.

· Man vs. machine – fantasy stories with aliens or machines

Where to Begin:

Don’t begin at the beginning. For example, opening a story with a normal scene no longer works. Today’s readers are an action-oriented group that bases their entertainment on electronic toys, fast-paced movies, and faster paced stories, so start your first paragraph with gripping action. It can be part of a flashback, or even the middle of a scene.

Editors are buying third person (he, she) in past tense these days, so don’t write a story in first person unless the magazine you have in mind requires first person.

Be sure you include characterization, which is another whole lesson, but you should write out a list of 50 things describing your two leading characters – what they like, what they think, where they came from, physical description, etc.

Every story must have dialog. If you don’t think you can write believable dialog (or even if you do), go to a restaurant and eavesdrop. Take notes. Eavesdrop everywhere you go. It may not be polite, but it is the best teacher available.

If you are interested in writing, you can do it, because writing is a learned skill. Get out that pen and paper, typewriter, or computer and get started. Good luck! See below for more writing tips.

Source by Deborah Owen


Alcohol Breathalyzer Function And Uses

An alcohol breathalyzer calculates the percentage of alcohol present in the human bloodstream by measuring the amount of alcoholic gases that are exhaled through the lungs. While first developed primarily as an aid to law enforcement officials administering sobriety tests in the field, they are now widely available on the open market and can be used for a wide variety of reasons.

Alcohol does not break down in the bloodstream and is easily transferred across the lungs’ air sacs into human breath at a known ratio to levels present in the blood. Today, most breathalyzers detect these percentages by infrared (IR) spectroscopy readings, through the chemical reaction in a fuel cell, or sensitive semiconductors.

Regardless of the type, each breathalyzer has a mouthpiece, a tube through which air is forcefully blown and a chamber where the air is held for testing. Once the air is tested, an LED or LCD panel displays an estaimated percentage of alcohol present in the blood. The calculations of levels are now so accurate that results from certain models have long been accepted as evidence in courts and many models now provide readings to with three decimal places. Over the past few years, the sizes and shapes of breathalyzers have also become more varied. Models can now be found that are smaller than the size of a cell phone and some are designed for easy placement on belts or key chains.

The most wide-scale use of breathalyzers is still within law enforcement personnel. These include police officers when there is suspicion of driving under the influence or public intoxication, booking officers during processing when a breathalyzer test was not administered at the time of arrest, probation officers verifying compliance with court orders and corrections officers verifying compliance during incarcerations.

But the common uses of alcohol breathalyzers is greatly expanding among businesses and individuals. Businesses and clinics utilize a breathalyzer when they need easy, fast and accurate ways to test for alcohol impairment. Bars and other establishments keep a breathalyzer on hand for use by patrons or to monitor problem drinkers. Parents give them as gifts to children to help keep them safe when they think they have had too much to drink, or use them as a tool to test for consumption in an under-aged child. College students are using a breathalyzer to monitor if friends are too drunk to drive or as a safeguard against alcohol poisoning. There are also now many individuals who routinely keep them handy for self-testing blood alcohol levels before driving after they have been consuming alcoholic beverages.

Source by Jeremy P Stanfords


Key Factors of Technical Writing

Technical Writing is a kind of writing that translates technical and scientific information in a simpler language. This form of writing concerns with the technology. A writer simplifies the information about the technology or science. One uses this form of writing by keeping the perspective of a reader in mind. This type of writing is meant for specific set of audiences. It is a professional piece of writing. A person who writes on technology is called a technical writer. A writer keeps an objective perspective in mind while writing.

Characteristics of Technical Writing:

A writer should consider few factors in mind while writing on topics of technology or science. The writing should project clarity of thought of a writer. It means that a writer should use simple words so that a layman can comprehend the essence of the topic discussed. If you use jargons you should define and explain them clearly. One should write in such a way so that a person can understand and retain the message lucidly. For this purpose, a writer should be able to understand the needs and backdrop of a reader. You should write to provide knowledge to a reader that he is searching. One should write in such a way so that the piece of writing should provide solution to a reader. You should avoid the use of unwanted words and paragraphs. This happens when a writer is doubtful about the topic. Therefore, one should have a clear understanding of the topic. Unwanted sentences also distract a reader and eventually a reader looses interest in the topic. Simplicity of language and eliminating unnecessary words grips a reader’s mind. It becomes an interesting piece of work.

Uses of Technical Writing:

Technical content writer prepares manuals or informative essays on electronic or software products and much more. One also deploys this form of writing to describe the usability of an electronic product. A person also uses technical writing for projects and dissertation on topics of technology. Writing textbooks on subjects like physics and chemistry also requires technical writing. In other words, this form of writing is used in diverse fields like chemistry, robotics, software and others.

Source by Angel Wood