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5 French Language Games to Make Learning French Fun

Learning a new language can be tedious and boring but it does not have to be that way. Using French language games can make this work easier and more enjoyable for teachers and students alike. The newest learning methods use French language games in conjunction with audio and written lessons and they are a fun way for adults as well as children to learn how to speak French.

One of the easiest ways to get started with French language games is to play eye spy in French. This is a game that should be played with two or more players, ideally a small size classroom: the teacher will pick an item in the room and ask the students to guess what it is. For example: “je vois quelque chose de rouge/I see something red”; the students will answer by naming red items in French until the correct one has been found. Beginners can start with colours but more advanced learners should use the first letter of the word to be guessed.

Word searches and crosswords are French language games that can be played by students on their own or completed by entire classrooms as part of homework or class competition. These can be found in French magazines and newspapers downloaded from the Internet, but if you are a French teacher it is preferable to create your own, using vocabulary that your students are familiar with at first as some word games can be challenging.

The game of hangman (“le pendu” in French) is one of the simplest French language games and the first word game that many children learn to play. The teacher picks a French word and lets the player know how many letters are in the chosen word by drawing dotted lines where the letters should be; the player has to name the letters of the alphabet he or she thinks are contained in the word. When a correct letter has been guessed, the teacher writes it on the corresponding dotted line and if a letter has been proposed that is not part of the word, the teacher draws a part of the hangman. If the word is guessed before the hangman drawing is completed the student wins and vice-versa.

Older students can play the game of scrabble in French, where between 2 and 4 players create words from a combination of letters; with the aid of a French dictionary to look up words and their meaning, this popular word game has the potential of teaching new vocabulary and learners can get even more benefit out of it by making up sentences using the words found and saying them aloud.

If you are teaching grammar, one of the French languages games you can play with your students is to mix up the words from a French sentence and let them put the words back in the correct order. A similar exercise that helps in the comprehension of French is to make up a simple story four or five sentences long, mix the sentences and let the students put the story back in the correct order.

The use of French language games in new learning methods make learning French more interesting. Whether you are learning or teaching French, many resources are available to you and one of the places you can always rely on to find French language games is your own imagination.

Source by Sophie Le Cuiche


Who Moved My Cheese? Summary and Review of Spencer Johnson Best Selling Book

“Who Moved My Cheese?” is a story about change and how people deal with it. This book is written by Spencer Johnson, MD who is the co-author of the “One Minute Manager,” and he once again uses a parable style story to get his message across. The main characters in this story are two little mice, Sniff and Scurry, and two little people, Hem and Haw. The “Cheese” is a metaphor for whatever we are looking for in life. The mice are simple and instinctive, and when faced with a diminishing supply of cheese, the will quickly chase around and through trial and error seek to find more. However, the little people are more complex and contemplative, and when they are faced with a loss, they will be less inclined to face reality and move on to find more. In the end, they realize some basic truths about change, or what Spencer Johnson calls “the handwriting on the wall”:

Change Happens – They keep moving the Cheese. Change is a part of life. No matter how well off you are, you must realize that we live in a dynamic world. Things happen. The stock market goes up, but it also goes down. You do a good job at work, but in a slow economy, you can get fired through no fault of your own.

Anticipate Change – Get ready for the Cheese to move. The one thing that you can always count on is that change happens all around us, all the time. Thus, you need to anticipate that things will be changing often beyond your ability to control it.

Monitor Change – Smell the Cheese often so you know when it is getting old. As change happens, there are usually leading indicators. If you are paying attention, you will be able to spot changes in your environment before it happens. So, when things are slowing down at work, it might signal a reduction in force. If you are monitoring your environment, you will not be surprised.

Adapt to Change quickly – The quicker you let go of old Cheese, the sooner you can enjoy new Cheese. If the Cheese starts to smell and you know change is coming, then get ready to make your move. Don’t fret over your loss, but get onto the next new thing. When faced with a loss of food, it doesn’t take the mice too long to start chasing around to look for a new food supply. They adapt quickly and instinctively.

Change – Move with the Cheese. Embrace change. Don’t let your beliefs hold you back. You just have to let go, and accept change. If you live in the past, you can’t move ahead. If you lost your job, don’t waste a lot of time trying to place blame on yourself or others, especially if it is due to the weak economy. It’s nobody’s fault. It’s just the way it is when things slow down.

Enjoy Change – Savor the adventure and enjoy the taste of new Cheese. This is easier said than done for most of us. Change can be hard, but it is also possible to look at change as an opportunity. If you find yourself out of work, it might be time to switch careers, learn a new skill, or move to across country. This may be not only hard to do, but also not what you would have preferred to do; however, when faced with the need to change, try to make the best of it. In most cases, you will find a new job or a new opportunity where you can once again enjoy things – the “new Cheese.”

Thus, the story of “Who Moved My Cheese?” offers some serious advice for dealing with change even though the story itself is rather simple, perhaps even silly. The fact is that we all run through the “maze” of life’s twists and turns to try to get what we want. Even if we have been lucky enough to get what we want, the lesson is clear: Change is a part of life, and don’t get too complacent. If you don’t stay on top of things, you can find yourself looking for some “new Cheese” even if you aren’t ready to do so. Keep your shoes on, don’t get too comfortable, and get ready to look for more Cheese.

Source by Leonard Kloeber


How To Evaluate A Business Idea For Developing An Enterprise

Why Do You Need A Business Plan?

Planning is a process that never ends for all businesses. It is extremely important in the early stages of any venture when the entrepreneur will need to prepare a preliminary business plan.

There are different types of plans that may be part of any business operation. These include but not limited to Financial plans, Marketing plan, Human Resource plan, Production plans, Sales plans etc. Plans may be short term or long term or may be strategic or operational. Whatever the type of plan or the function, plans have one important purpose; to provide guidance and structure to management in a rapidly changing market environment.

A business plan on the other hand is a written document prepared by the entrepreneur that describes all the relevant external and internal elements involved in starting a new venture. It is often an integration of functional plans such as marketing, finance, manufacturing and human resources. It also addresses both short term and long term decision making for the first three years of operation. Thus, the business plan, or road map, answers the strategic questions of where am I now? Where am I going? And how will I get there? Potential investors, suppliers and even customers will request or require a business plan.

How I Prepared My Preliminary Project Proposal

In my case, I followed the following break downs keeping each section as brief as possible.

1. Background: in this section, I established the context of the project by giving an account of the problem it is trying to address.

2. State of the art: I gave an overview of existing and emerging technology in the field, including an account of rival technologies and a comparison of the advantages and disadvantages of the various options.

3. Proposal: I wrote an overview of the proposed project and the approach, i.e. the activities which I will be undertaken to achieve the project objectives. Clearly establish the research element or novelty component in the proposal.

4. Consortium: an overview of the proposed manpower and establish the required ability to carry out the project successfully (e.g. skills, competencies, etc.)

5. Objectives and Deliverables: Identify (1) the objectives and (2) the deliverables of the proposed project.

6. Competitiveness: if applicable, establish the competitiveness or advantages of the proposed solution compared to other solutions, whether these already exist or are still being researched.

7. Cost: give an overview of the project cost (including start-up cost and working capital requirements).

8. Impact: this section should include:

i. Markets and Uses: identify possible uses and markets for the deliverables of the project.

ii. Benefits and Beneficiaries: identify the beneficiaries of the project’s results (e.g. the project participants, the general public, third parties) and the manner in which they will benefit.

iii. Roadmap: give an indication regarding what further steps, effort, costs and timeframes are necessary before tangible benefits can be realized from the deliverables or results of the project (unless these are realized within the lifetime of the project).

iv. Spillover Benefits: identify any secondary benefits of the project (e.g. facilitating participation in funding programmes, improving Malta’s ranking, strengthening Malta’s reputation in a particular area, etc.)

Preparing a Detailed Business Plan

Stages of writing a business plan are: After deciding to go into business, before starting the business and when updating is required.

Business plans can be written for retail business, wholesale business, service business, manufacturing and any other type of business.

A business plan is written by doing the following:

Identifying all the questions that could be asked about the business.

Determining what further information needs to be gathered to answer all the questions.

Obtaining all the necessary information.

Comparing various alternatives

Making a decision on each question.

A business plan should:

Have a good appearance

Provide an index

Provide a summary

Number each copy

Be signed to show who is submitting it.

Depend on the nature of the business.

A business plan should be organized to carry a cover page, table of contents, executive summary, business description, Marketing plan, organizational plan, operational plan, financial plan and appendices.

Outline of a typical business plan is as below;

1. Title: Feasibility study Report on______________________

Commissioned by_________________________

2. Project consultants

3. Table of contents:

Executive Summary

The Report

Project Background

Objective of study

Project description and

Loan advancement



Market and marketing plan

Potential customers



Sales Tactics

Advertising and Promotion


Technical Feasibility and management plan:



Overhead charges

Packaging materials

Raw materials Manpower and Labour costs.

Financial Projection/Feasibility:

Overview on capital requirement

Financial plan

Projected cash flow

Projected profit and loss account

Projected balance sheet

Break-even analysis

Source and application of funds

Organization Plan:

Form of ownership

Identification of partners/Principal shareholders

Authority of Principals.

Management team background

Roles and responsibilities of members of organization

Assessment of Risk:

Evaluate weakness of business

New technologies

Contingency plans.


12 months projected sales

12 months projected purchase

Fixed Assets and depreciation schedule

Profitability index.

Thanks for reading

Source by Sam Ayodeji Sanyaolu


5 Awesome Tips to Add Health and Beauty to Your Aging Hair

by sinnga kilam 0 Comments

As you age, the production of natural oils in your scalp decreases dramatically. And you start witnessing more dryness, brittleness and more thinness in your hair. They look more damaged and dull. Well, fret not! These are the common signs of aging hair. But the important thing to remember here is, all these hair problems can be fixed!

Here are the 5 best tips to moisturize and strengthen your aging hair. Remember, your hair can look stunning at any age.

Let’s start with a healthy diet!

Indeed, the first thing you need to do is prepare a healthy diet for yourself. After all, your overall health plays a crucial role in determining the health of your hair. Add lots of green vegetables and fresh fruits in your daily diet. Drink plenty of water. Avoid eating junk foods and packaged drinks.

Eating a right amount of food that are rich in omega-3 fatty acids such as flaxseeds and fish can also provide the essential nutrition to your locks and make them look gorgeous again. You can also make use of flax seed oil and fish oil that are easily available out there. Eating right food and drinking enough water every day will help your scalp maintain the required moisture and will replenish your aging locks.

Take essential vitamins/supplements to replenish your hair

If eating a healthy diet isn’t helping you much, you can consult your hair doctor and begin with natural supplements like Vitamin C, Vitamin E, and Biotin (Vitamin B complex). These supplements will help your body get the required nutrition, which will promote hair growth and get you beautiful locks.

Style up them

Talk to your hair stylist and get a right hairstyle that goes well with your aging face and mature locks. A lightly layered style will help you look younger and graceful compared to short bobs. Consider your hair type while deciding your right cut with a stylist.

Get them trimmed regularly

Hair thinning is an inevitable issue with increasing age. This is why it is even more important to get your hair trimmed at every 2-3 month. It will help you avoid irregular growth and split ends. Regular trimming will make your hair look healthier and thicker.

Choose your hair care products wisely

Whether it is your hair shampoo, conditioner or mask, make sure it is suitable for your aging hair type. You simply can’t experiment with any hair care product available off-the-shelf. Find shampoos that don’t contain parabens and sulfates.

If you have very dry hair, look for a good quality shampoo that contains collagen and glycerin. Give your hair deep conditioning once in a week to maintain its moisture and softness. Make use of natural oils such as coconut oil, almond oil, and argan oil for at least 2 times in a week; apply the oil before 4-6 hours of shampoo.

Some other tips you must consider,

  • Avoid heat treatments and chemical treatments. They rip moisture from your hair and make your hair weaker, dull and dry.
  • Never wash your hair with super hot water. It can strip your hair of natural oils. After shampooing, rinse your hair with cool water.
  • Instead of shampooing your hair more frequently, it is recommended to use a good quality dry shampoo so you can maintain the natural oil level in your hair.
  • If you find it irresistible to use hair styling products, make sure the one you choose is protein-infused.

Given good care, your aging hair can look healthy and gorgeous all the time!

Source by Ravi Patel


Dyslexic Test – Questions & Answers


There are so many questions that are being asked about a dyslexic test. Testing is a real source of interest or concern to lots of people. It is hardly surprising really when you consider how beneficial a clear diagnosis of dyslexia will be to those that are affected. In response to that, I have decided to write another article in which I provide more answers to everybody’s basic concerns! I really hope that the questions that are answered in this article are the same questions that you have whizzing through your mind.

1. What Happens in a Dyslexia Test?

For the purposes of this answer we will presume that you are taking it in front of a psychologist, although there are alternatives. The test will take anywhere between four and six hours. Ideally you will complete the test in one day- but again, you might have options. There will be lots of breaks within this time. A dyslexic test is actually a series of smaller separate tests that assess a wide range of your abilities.

2. Is there a Free Internet Test?

Put simply, yes there are free tests on the Internet. However, these will not be able to diagnose you but can only highlight dyslexia as a possibility. These tests are very short and so they cannot be taken too seriously.

3. What Support Can My Child with Dyslexia Receive in Exams?

Children, with an official diagnosis of dyslexia (and with an official statement detailing these needs) are entitled to extra support in exams. For some children, this may mean extra time and for other children it might entail having a scribe- an adult who a child dictates to in an exam.

4. I am an adult. I think I am dyslexic- should I get tested?

I think this depends how you are coping with your difficulties. If you have devised ways to lessen their impact and you are managing OK, then perhaps there is no reason to have an official diagnosis. If however, your life is incredibly tough because of these difficulties, then a diagnosis is essential as it will help you emotionally and practically.

5. I am an adult. I have just been diagnosed with dyslexia. Should my employer help me?

In both the USA and the UK employers are duty bound to provide additional support to people with dyslexia. It is an essential part of each country’s disability laws. It helps if you have been honest about your dyslexia from the time that you joined the firm or the time that you were diagnosed with it. Employers need to support employees with dyslexia because otherwise they are breaking the law but also, it is only with additional support that you can carry out your work duties satisfactorily.

6. I have just been diagnosed with borderline dyslexia. What does it mean?

As a result of a dyslexic test, you have been shown to have a very mild form of dyslexia. You might just confuse two letters in your reading or spelling (instead of confusing ten). The good news is that with relatively little extra work on your part, you should be able to overcome the difficulties that you face. The diagnosis has helped you because it has pinpointed your exact difficulties.

7. What happens after a diagnosis of dyslexia?

You are entitled to more support. This is particularly true for children. A diagnosis should provide a fairly detailed list of your specific difficulties. Legally, if there is consensus, these difficulties need to supported. Otherwise you have no chance of fulfilling your potential and that is not in the best interest of the school or the state (if you are a child) or your employer (if you are an adult.)

Source by Alan Lawson


Learn How to Pop a Pit Bike Wheelie in 36 Seconds – 5 Super Tips

by sinnga kilam 0 Comments

One of the best skills you can learn when riding a pit bike is popping a wheelie. Its pretty much the most tried trick newbie riders want to learn when first buying a Pit bike.

The principle and strategy once understood for popping a wheelie is quite easy just the implementation stage is the most challenging but I’ll give you some quick tips which will make you a expert in no time.

5 Fast Tips to Popping a wheelie

Don’t be scared to fall off Sounds obvious but no pain no gain. Your not going to get seriously hurt maybe a few bumps and bruisers but its all part of it. You need understand that if you are scared you will never master this trick because its inevitable you will come off. Wear the proper protective clothing like pants, helmet, pads, boots.

Balancing is the key When you start off I recommend you use second gear for the main duration of the wheelie. After you move from first to second gear lean back putting you body weight towards the rear of the seat. Your bottom should be almost to the end of the seat so you center of gravity is over halfway. You must lean back enough so the front wheel is greater that 45 degrees.

Using Your foot brakes to balance Keep leaning back and slowly increasing the throttle. You are trying to find the balance point of the bike. If you find your going to back flip don’t worry a easy way to combat this is to either put your feet down and let go of the bike or tap on the rear foot brake and it will lower the front wheel. If the bike falls don’t worry it won’t break just maybe a few scratches. Another way is to drag you feet on the ground as you initiate the wheelie. This is kind of cheating but its a good way to learn. When you can balance then put your feet on the pegs.

Holding your revs in the Wheelie to keep momentum If you don’t keep the revs up the front wheel will drop down because you lost momentum and speed. You can correct this by changing up a gear to third but this is a little more advanced and you must master the balancing first before attempting this stage.

Holding the wheelie for a extending time with Gears changers Changing gears keeps your revs up but additional skill is need because your on the back wheel while changing gears. Again this is similar to “Keeping your momentum” and for the more advanced rider. You can wheelie for miles if you change gears. I know riders who can wheelie for 3-4 miles on a Pit bike. Yes amazing I must admit.

Super little trick for newbie riders: If you want to pop wheelies for miles then use this trick. Well its not really a trick more like a modification to your bike. Keep the revs up to max and don’t be scared to use your foot brake allot. What we are going to do is attach a front mounted brake on the handle bars for the rear. Because your the foot brake is only small on pit bikes its harder find sometimes. Your feet will slip during riding so when you need to use the foot brake to prevent back flipping your foot could slip. Take off the foot brake assembly pedal all together so there is no foot back pedal. Remove the existing hydraulic cable and buy a longer one similar to the length of your front brakes but it must reach from the rear brake assembly to your front handle bars. You need to buy a front brake housing assembly for the left hand side. You can source them off eBay very cheaply $20-$30. It must be the left hand side because obviously the right hand side is needed for the throttle. A Py90 or Quad assembly will do the trick. Make sure it matches the bolt diameter of the hydraulic brake line so will match the both brake housings. Bleed the brakes so it works. Now you have front mounted Rear brakes. Wheelie at you hearts on content and when you feel your going to back flip tap on the left hand brake and your front wheel will immediately come down 🙂 (make sure all the parts are properly fitted by a qualified mechanic)

Source by Nigel Schulze


10 Ways to Make Your School a Green Campus

Universities around the country are doing everything they can to become a green campus. From the ‘Reduce, Reuse, Recycle’ campaign to using naturally fueled buses, being an eco friendly campus is not only the “in” thing, but the smart thing.

There are plenty of things that universities have been doing, but there are also items that individual students can do to make a green campus thrive and support having an eco-lifestyle. Here are 10 environmentally friendly ideas for dorm rooms, apartments and campus life in general to make your campus a more eco friendly campus.

1. Recycle everything, especially paper!

The amount of paper a college student goes through per semester is insane; between class notes, scrap copies, term papers, student newspapers, graphs and pictures printed out plus countless other random items add up. We know that these things can’t be avoided, but the way you handle the use of all the paper can really help create a better green campus. Look for recycling bins by garbage bins, dorms, restaurants and classrooms.

2. Use your printer wisely

Teachers usually don’t mind if they read papers that are printed using both sides of the paper. This is a huge way to save on paper. Also, to save ink, use the low quality settings on items that don’t need to look too nice or that are just text. Lastly, think about what you’re printing out. If you can show someone the website on a screen, do it. You don’t need to print it out.

3. Limit the use of disposable cups and plates

Whether you’re in a dorm or moving into your first off-campus apartment, the temptation to buy disposable cups and plates is huge. However, this not only is bad for the environment, but it’s bad for your student finances as well. Buy cheaper plastic plates and cups; one package usually has four sets which are generally enough for one set of roommates. Wash these by hand or throw them in the dish washer if you have one (and remember to only run the washer when it is full to save water).

4. Limit the use of paper napkins

We’re not telling you to eat cleaner, but we’re telling you to not overdo it. Generally, a lot of fast food and take out is eaten by college students, which means a lot of napkins get grabbed on the way out. Limit the amount you grab!

5. Use compact fluorescent light bulbs

This is a good bit of advice for those college students who are paying their own electric bills. These bulbs might be slightly more expensive than regular ones, but will decrease your energy intake, last longer and ultimately save you money. These are good for dorms as well. Lamp light is a lot more pleasant and environmentally efficient than overhead dorm lighting.

6. Walk, bike, and limit the use of your car

Most campuses, especially those that are trying to become a more eco friendly campus, have pretty good public transit. On top of that, almost all universities are pedestrian friendly. Walking or biking will not only help make your campus a green university, but will help you avoid the freshman (or sophomore, or junior) 15.

7. Buy green

Buy recycled goods as much as possible. Paper, cleaning products and water are products that can be purchased as a recycled good. They’re slightly more expensive than the normal products, but it’s worth it to make a green campus.

8. Use refillable binders instead of notebooks

This is a simple way to save waste. Whenever the semester is done you can take out your notes, staple and save, then use the binder for the next semester. If you really want to take an extra step to make your campus greener, use your laptop to take notes at class.

9. Carry a water bottle

Not only will this save the environment by decreasing the amount of plastic waste on your campus, but will also help keep you hydrated and your metabolism high. A water bottle can be refilled at any water fountain and can easily be drank in class or while riding a bike.

10. Buy used clothing

Usually thought of as something to do to save money, it is also good for the environment! Recycling clothes minimizes the use of resources to make clothing and puts a dent in the problem of worldwide sweatshops.

Source by Melissa Rubin


4 Tips For Writing Your Motivational Speaker Biography

Have you ever wanted to set yourself up for public speaking success before you ever take the stage? One of the most effective ways a speaker can become appreciated before ever opening their mouths is to write a killer biography. Just like your resume is used to get a job, your speaker bio is used to sell audience on your credentials and their excitement to hear what you have to say. Creating an effective written biography is one of the most essential, yet overlooked factors is giving a great speech. I’m now going to show you how to make a great one!

Make no mistake about the importance of this: Your bio will sell you to the meeting planner and attendees. To be effective, it must be written correctly, so here are four tips you can apply to make your motivational speaker biography stand out.

1. Ask yourself, “What have I done that will impress or ‘wow’ the audience?” What have you done with your life that makes you qualified to speak on your subject? What have you accomplished in your life? Who have you shared the stage with? What have you done that will make people say, “wow!” What would you be fascinated in hearing about someone else speak about? Include this first in your biography.

2. Ask yourself, “What have I done to add credibility?” Have you published a book recently? People are very impressed by this. If you do not have a book published yet, you can focus on a soon-to-be-released book. Who have you worked for, or who has worked for you? Have you ever held a position of distinction or accomplished something of significance? Include this next.

3. Ask yourself, “How can I impress my audience?” Think about your background. Did you accomplish something no one has or did? if so, include it. This will make your attendees say ‘wow’ before they even get to hear you speak.

4. Connect yourself with a celebrity or a person they know. Write about the people or companies you’ve done work for… or better yet, include a picture of yourself with the president of the company you are speaking for, or, if you’ve got it, with a celebrity. If you can’t get any of these, you can always write about how many states or countries you’ve been to! Make yourself appear to be connected to celebrity in some manner, and people will take note!

Utilize these four steps and present the best motivational speaker biography you can. You’ll attract a huge audience who’s excited to hear you speak (which means plenty of money in your pocket). Now go put these ideas to use!

Source by James R Malinchak


Summary and Main Characters of Robert Lipsyte's The Contender Novel

1. Theme

It was about a struggle of a black boy to become a real boxer, The Contender.

2. Main Characters

1) Alfred Brooks: He was seventeen years old. He lived with his aunt, Aunt Pearl. It was because his parent had died since he was a little kid. He was a black-boy who had strong will to become a real boxer, The Contender. He also loved James very much.

2) Aunt Pearl: She was Alfred's aunt. She had become a mother for Alfred and loved him very much. She had two twin daughters and her husband had died. She was a sister of Alfred's mother who had taken care of Alfred since his parent died.

3) Mr. Donatelli: He was an old men. He had crew-cut white hair and pale blue eyes. He was a manager of the fighters and also the manager of Alfred. He had trained Alfred to become a boxer, The Contender. He also had a gym for training the fighters.

4) James Mosely: He was Alfred's best friend. He became a part of street gang. He was very easy to be influenced. He had also stolen money just to buy drugs.

5) Major: He was a leader of the street gang where Alfred and James belonged to. He always acted as if he tried to help Alfred and James, but he just made everything getting worst.

3 Summary of The Story

There was a boy who lived in Harlem, New York, with his aunt. He was Alfred Brooks, his parent had died. He did not go to school. He worked in the grocery shop. He had a best friend whose name was James Mosely. They had become best friend since they were children. But after they grew up, their friendship had got bad. It was because James joined a street gang, and he started consuming drugs. And Alfred did not like it.

One day, James and the street gang tried to steal money in the shop where Alfred worked in. At first, Alfred was asked to join them, but he did not want to do that. He thought that it was wrong and tried to stop James, but it did not work. James and the gang were stealing the money, but then the police coming and arrested James. Alfred knew it and felt very sorry because he can not stop him. Alfred regretted about his best friend and wanted to become a fighter.

He went to somewhere in Harlem and found the gym to become a fighter, a boxer, the Donatelli's Gym. He went there alone and felt very nervous. He found Mr. Donatelli and said that he wanted to become a boxer, a real boxer. He also said that he would try the best thing to become a real boxer, The Contender. He said he would do a hard work. Mr. Donatelli accepted Alfred to become a boxer.

The next day, Alfred always came to the gym and was always trained by Henry, the worker of the gym. Mr. Donatelli became the manager of Alfred. Then, after the training, Alfred had fights. At the first fight, he felt very nervous and could not concentrate, but he knew he must box. He won the first and the next fights.

At the end, Alfred fought against Hubbard. It was the last fight for Alfred, because at the fight Alfred was lost. He did not regret about it, because at the end of the fight he knew that he was not only a real boxer, he was the contender. He was a real contender. And the important thing was that he and James became best friend again.

4. Settings and Atmosphere

1) Setting of time: Around the year of 1960.

2) Setting of place: Harlem and Manhattan (New York).

Atmosphere: The dominant emotion which pervades the story is hopeful and a struggle and also the friendship.

Copyright (c) Ahmad Alim Aziz

Source by Ahmad Alim


Learn Technical Writing – Definition of Appendix, Bibliography, and Glossary

Three common elements in books, especially instruction books, are the appendix, bibliography, and glossary. This week, we’ll put them in their places.


Normally, the appendix contains reference material that may be important to the reader, but, because of the amount of content, would interrupt the flow if it were put into the text. It can also contain forms or illustrations that relate to more multiple chapters or modules. In many cases, material that some people might find useful and others would find irrelevant are placed in an appendix.

Appendixes (or appendices) are also frequently used to provide specific information at the end of RFQs and RFPs. Examples are budget details, technical specifications, and legal elements. They’re normally located at the back of the book in front of the index.


A bibliography is simply a list of books, articles, web pages, or other sources that are referenced or quoted from in a document. They’re usually located at the back of the book ahead of the index. There are a number of styles and formats used for bibliographies. It’s important to use the one designated by the client.


Glossaries are something like dictionaries devoted to a specific subject area; an alphabetical list of terms with definitions and explanations of usage.

They can be stand-alone documents such as a Glossary of Computer Terms, and they’re frequently included in a document when a large number of unfamiliar terms are used. They can be simple or extensive depending on the perceived needs of the target audience. They can be located either in the front of a document, after the table of contents and forward or in the back in front of the index – usually before a bibliography or appendix. The exact location will depend on the client’s style guide.

Source by W. Leonard Moore