How To Write Correct Kannada: A Synopsis
Using the correct form of a language is necessary to maintain the dignity of that language. The language doesn’t make sense when it is used incorrectly. Grammar is an indispensable part of the language, to write the correct form of a language one must know the grammar of that language. Kannada is alphasyllabary and phonetic in its nature. Kannada is a treasure of words; but you are ought to use these words aptly to convey your desired message. The basic knowledge of grammar comes in handy while writing correct Kannada.
1. Avoid syllable (spelling) mistakes: In Indian languages a syllable (Kaagunita) is formed by combining a vowel sound with the basic consonant. In Kannada you are ought to have the correct knowledge of syllables in order to write words and sentences correctly. An incorrect syllable conveys an improper meaning, it may offend the reader. Refer some of these examples. kadata – File. kadita – Reduction, Discount.
kOmala – soft, tender. kamala – Lotus.
2. Phonemes: There are two types of phonemes, the unaspirated phoneme (Alpapraana) and the voiced or aspirated phoneme (Mahaapraana). Care must be taken to use the appropriate phoneme sound in order to render a proper meaning.
kaage – Crow, khaage – has no meaning.
gaLa – Cane, gaaLa – fish-hook, lure.
chaDDi – half-pant, ChaDi- Cane.
3. Correct usage of the letter: Care must be taken in using the appropriate letter in forming a word. Some letters are very similar in their pronunciations but always give a different meaning when used in a word. You may observe these examples to know them better. We write as varadi – meaning Report, and not as oradi- this makes no sense.
hOraata – is struggle, fight. oraTa – a rude person.
4. Correct usage of number forms: In Kannada we have 2 number forms, singular (ekavachana) and plural (bahuvachana) forms. Words that depict number should be used properly. The plural form of agasa (washer man) is agasaru, that of pustaka (book) is pustakagalu and that of akka (sister) is akkandiru. Observe that different and appropriate suffixes are used.
5. Correct usage of punctuation marks: In a sentence an inappropriate usage of the punctuation mark damages the actual voice of the sentence. You can’t use an exclamatory mark where a question mark must be used. The actual tone and the meaning are changed.
Similarly one must be aware of using the correct forms of different parts of speech; such as noun, pronoun, adjective etc, tense forms and subject-object-verb forms. One must observe that all these and other elements of grammar must be strictly adhered to. Incorrect usage in speaking could be quickly rectified but in writing there remains a record of our improper usage, this must always be avoided. Failure on our part in using the correct language definitely results in misunderstanding, the reader gets confused or there may be a comedy of errors. Using the correct and sensible language often elevates our position in the eyes of the reader.