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Overcoming The Pain Of Being A Black Man In America

After joining The Nation of Islam in the 50’s, The Hon. Louis Farrakhan wrote a very telling song which he titled “A White Man’s Heaven Is A Black Man’s Hell”. Every Blackman of age can bear witness to the truthfulness of the song’s title and lyrics.

It is PURE HELL being a Blackman in the world of white supremacy. We are murdered by judge, jury and executioner police officers. We are outright disrespected. We are profiled. We are guilty until proven innocent. Our opinions are not held to serious weight, etc.

Everywhere we go there are signs that this world still sees us as inferior beings. The office of president is supposed to be the highest in the land, yet our black brother president, Barack Obama, is still disrespected as though he were the white house janitor.

In response to this intense pressure, some black men have developed mental issues as their minds literally snap under the weight of continuous racism. Others have resorted to alcohol, cigarettes, drugs, sex, violence, abusing their woman as ways of dealing with the horrific pain of being a Blackman in a white man’s world.

The Hon. Louis Farrakhan teaches that the Blackman must turn inward to God for refuge in dealing with these internal storms.

He teaches us to work towards financial independence so we won’t have to be under the foot of the white man as much.

He teaches us to recognize the value in our black woman as our ally, not competitor, as we fight in the white man’s world.

He teaches us to use the anger we feel to fuel positive endeavors like self improvement or starting a business for yourself.

During the early 90’s, The Hon. Louis Farrakhan travelled the country delivering a message titled: “Let Us Make A Man”. During one of the stops(April 11th, 1994) he gave a message subtitled: How To How To Overcome The Pain Of Being A Blackman. The following quote is from that message.

“As a Black man in White America, we are in pain, brothers! We live with constant pain. Nobody knows our pain but God, and us. Brothers, as long as you, as a man, lay down at night and dream about your greatness, but you are never able to manifest how great you are then the pain of being non-productive makes you seek pleasure that keeps you non-productive! Study our condition:

Each one of you is in pain. When you wake up in the morning, and you look in the mirror, and you know deep down inside you are as great as any man of greatness that you’ve heard about, read about, or seen in real life:

You know you are as great as any one of them. Possibly greater! But there’s no avenue of opportunity to allow you to demonstrate your individual greatness; then this breeds frustration, it breeds bitterness, it breeds envy and jealousy.

In a Time Magazine article titled: Racism Could Negatively Affect Your Health, it is revealed,

“High blood pressure and kidney decline may be linked to feelings of discrimination

Feeling judged because of your race could have a negative impact on your physical health, a new study finds.

A team of researchers studied 1,574 residents of Baltimore as part of the Healthy Aging in Neighborhoods of Diversity across the Life Span study and found that 20% of the subjects reported feeling that they had been racially discriminated against a lot.

Even after the researchers adjusted the results for race, this group had higher systolic blood pressure than those who perceived only a little discrimination.”

The Holy Qur’an advises that peace of mind is found by seeking refuge in God from the evils of Satan’s world.

The Hon. Louis Farrakhan Is in this world, but by his deep belief in Almighty God he walks in peace through the valley of the shadow of death.

#mywalkwithfarrakhan

#farrakhastudent

“I Bear Witness To The Man And His Works.”

Source by Mustafaa Abdul Muhammad

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How to Improve Your Speaking Voice – Sound Like Barry White!

Do you have a public speech coming up? If so, then you might need a few tips on how to improve your speaking voice. It may be known to you that the success of a speech, whether it is public or private is also dependent on the quality of your speaking voice. You have to be articulate and your words need to be very clear in order to easily impart the idea of your speech. Every speech is a make or break deal. Since every listener is different, each of them may have a different impression of you. If you would like to learn how to improve your speaking voice, here are a few simple tips to follow.

Keep your throat moist and lubricated by drinking a lot of water. Dryness in your vocal chords may cause straining and produce a grating and guttural voice. This will also help to avoid unnecessary disruptions in your speech.

You also need to practice your lungs to maximize its full capacity. Try breathing from your diaphragm by inhaling deeply and doing long exhales. You can also emphasize your point in your phrases by using your breath. At the end of every phrase, do remember to take a breath so as to avoid untimely pauses during your speech. This can also help your listeners take in the messages in every statement that you make.

Try to have a well-modulated voice when speaking. Try to be aware if you are speaking too softly or loudly. You can also ask your listeners for their feedbacks regarding how well your volume is. Always keep your speech to a moderate pace. Do not speak too quickly because your listeners will not be able to absorb the idea of your speech. Speaking too slowly on the other hand will cause the listeners to be bored and lose interest in what you are trying to say. With a little help, you’ll know how to improve your speaking voice in no time at all!

Source by Greg Mascetani

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Photos Of Your Property Matter a Lot In Real Estate

Nowadays, real estate buyers go online to check out the houses, apartments and other buildings in their locality. Instead of visiting each of the houses in person, they just look at the pictures of the houses to get a pretty good idea of the beauty and condition of the property. This article is focused on the importance of photos of your house in real estate. Read on to how you can go about taking the photos of your property.

The Right equipment

If you are running a home marketing campaign, we suggest that you go for high-resolution photos only. What you need to do is put your best pictures on the website. Taking the pictures with a smartphone is not a good idea. Smartphone pictures can be used informally to send some quick photos of the property to an agent or buyer, but for formal purposes, only high quality pictures taken with a DSLR should be used.

Have you not taken the pictures of your property yet? Well, you should not list your property unless you have taken its photos. Nowadays, tons of websites offer property listings with pictures. So, you won’t have more than a few seconds to catch the eyes of the prospective buyers. Therefore, make sure your property is listed with HD pictures.

Staging and preparation

Since photos leave a great impression, both agents and sellers should take their time to take appealing photos of the properties. Ideally, they should plan the photo shoot at least a few days ahead of the publishing date. Usually, one week is enough to shoot the photos.

Here are some tips to take the photos. The best time to take the photos of your property is when your home gets a lot of natural light. Before you start shooting photos, make sure your house is neat and clean. You may want to remove kids’ toys and all the useless stuff lying around in the house. Aside from this, the furniture and floors should be free of stains.

Hire a professional photographer

At times, the buyers head to your online property listings once they have visited your house in person. Actually, they go online in order to find out how each of the room in your house related to the next room. They won’t lose interest if you have HD photos of your property on the website. As a matter of fact, the photos will spur on the potential buyers to have another look at your house and reconsider their decision. On the other hand, if the buyers find some dark photos of your property on the website, they will lose interest and look for other houses instead.

So, if you don’t have a quality camera to take the photos of your property, we suggest that you hire the services of a good photographer to do the same job for you in a professional manner. This will help you be more competitive and you will be able to catch the eyes of lots of buyers. Hope this will help.

Source by Satvik Mittal

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Technobabble – The Nerd's Revenge

Every industry, every product, every service has its’ own jargon or buzz words, it other words its’ own vocabulary. These industry specific words are usually appropriate shorthand for use among those within their industry, but when used to communicate with a (usually na├»ve) customer or prospect, the vocabulary becomes Technobabble… word usage of the conversationally impaired.

It is easy, of course, to pick on the computer or Information Technology industries in this regard, but if you think about it, people in most industries need to talk to in somewhat technical terms to customers and prospects to explain the features and benefits of their product. Those who are good communicators have thought about ways to develop a virtual “Technobabble-to-English-Dictionary” so the customer or prospect can comprehend the message in easily understood language!

Who hasn’t heard a banker talking about ROI, an investment advisor bringing up the topic of P/E ratios, a medical profession discussing the results of an MRI, I could go on and on here but you get the message, or if you don’t, I don’t think you ever will.

I recently received proposals from two competing firms. One was so filled with buzzwords and acronyms I had to phone twice for translations. The second was easy to read and comprehend. I understood what I would be getting, how and when the work would be done, and what the project would cost. I had confidence they would be easy to communicate with as the project progressed and, of course, that is the company I chose.

Even if you don’t sell a technology based product or service, your customers and prospects probably don’t know much about whatever it is they want or need to purchase (or they wouldn’t need an expert like you!) so make it easy for them to buy. Explain what you are selling as if you are selling to an eight-year old. Use simple language or, if you must use more complex language, translate it by using phrases like, “what I mean by [whatever the technical term is]… ” and then explain it in terms they will easily understand. This gives them information they can use to make decisions, builds confidence and trust.

In an age when products in every industry are more sophisticated and complex, clear and concise communication increases understanding and builds confidence on the part of the prospect. Inspect your own advertising, packaging, brochures, and spoken communications. See if someone who knows nothing about your products or industry can understand the benefits. If they can, then you are a great communicator and marketer!

Source by Larry Galler

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How to Make Your Ex Curious About You Again! 3 Tips Which Will Tickle Your Ex's Curious Side!

by sinnga kilam 0 Comments

Curiosity killed the cat, however it will not kill the human. In this case, curiosity is your good friend, which you are going to use to draw your ex back into your life. You see, curiosity can make your ex so nosy, so jealous, and so emotional that he/she won’t be able to help but watch you like a hawk just to see what you will do next….

Read on to find out how you can make your ex curious about you…..

3. Tickling your ex’s curious side by ignoring them

The first thing you want to do is simply do nothing at all. This means no calling, no emailing, and no bothering your ex. When you avoid them, they will become curious, because they will wonder why you’re avoiding them.

This will also knock them off of the pedestal you created for them, and in turn will cause an instant ego issue, because you were always boosting their ego with all of the attention, but now you are not.

This means that the minute you are not boosting his/her ego, they will freak out and will want to know why you are ignoring them, and will be so curious that he/she won’t be able to resist it.

2. Making your ex wonder who you are dating

The next way to make your ex curious about you again, is to make them guess as to whether or not you are dating again. The first step to this was to simply ignore your ex, because that will make them think you are in fact seeing someone else, and will also make him/her jealous.

But, the second step to this is to either send them a fake “mistake” SMS, which is addressed to the person you are “now dating”, such as:

“Yup Friday sounds good. Can’t wait to hold you again! You were so soft last time!”

This will really get your ex curious and make him/her burn, just at the thought of thinking you are holding someone else instead of them.

1. Befriend your ex’s friends

This is a fast and quick way to get your ex’s attention, and to make them notice you. In fact, your ex will easily become curious when you do this, because they will wonder why you are dating people they know.

This will cause your ex to start watching you like a hawk, and may even make your ex try and stop you from being friends with his/her friends, but this only means your ex is really paying attention to you now.

You may also want to try befriending the “frenemies” of your ex. These are the people your ex hates or dislikes, and by doing this, you will instantly spark up curiosity and make your ex notice you.

Source by Russell Jackson

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How to Get Your Lover Back Using Emotionally Charged Dating

by sinnga kilam 0 Comments

Are you dying to get back together with an ex? Do you know want to know how to get your lover back? Do you feel like everything you do pushes them further and further away? Or, have you lost contact with them altogether over time?

Does this describe your situation to a tee? Are you ready to learn how to get your lover back?

Okay great, but you shouldn’t overlook a very critical step – what do you do on your first date after making contact and setting some time aside to get together with your ex?

If you said dinner and a movie I would like to wallop you upside the head – but, alas, I cannot. So, I will simply give you an emphatic “NO! That is not how to get your lover back,” and hope that you listen well. Taking an ex, especially an ex that you are interested in being more than friends with, out to dinner and a movie is surely NOT how to get your ex back.

Why? Because it is boring! And we all know that boring is the most surefire way to guarantee that a man or a woman will feel absolutely attraction for you – women especially.

What to do you do then? If you want to know how to get your lover back, you need to understand a bit about social dynamics and how the human mind is genetically designed to function in relation to dating and human interaction. The number one rule is to be exciting, be different – you first date with your ex should be exciting, and generate emotion.

Emotionally charged experiences = bond. And bonding, or re-bonding, in this case, is a great way to spark attraction – and attraction is exactly how to get your lover back.

How do you create these emotionally charged experiences on your first date with your ex? Well, there are a number of ways, and I will give several ideas, but first, let’s look at how this works (and why!).

Imagine that you are standing in line at the bank, or a store. Once you leave, do you remember anyone in line around you? Do you really even remember the cashier or the teller? No! Why not? Because nothing happened that sparked your emotions – nothing to create a bond to the situation or the people around you.

Imagine that the bank or store were robbed at gunpoint while you were standing in line. Imagine that you, and the people around you were forced to the ground by masked, screaming gunmen. Imagine, if in the chaos, you look over the woman in line next to you (now lying on the floor next to you). You see the terror on her face. The cold floor stings your flesh. The screams and shouting fade into an eerie, deafening silence.

Let’s say you reach out slowly and take her hand, look her in the eyes and tell her “everything will be ok.”

Are you going to forget that woman? More importantly, is she will ever forget you?

No she won’t! That is how to get your lover back!

Now, of course, I would never, ever recommend that you go out and rob a bank (that is not how to get your lover back – that is how to get you and your ex thrown in jail). But, I highly recommend that your first date with you ex be something exciting and thrilling – something that generates quick and powerful emotions.

So, if an emotionally charged date is how to get your lover back, what are some of the best ideas for this kind of date? There are a few examples below.

Emotionally Charged Dates:

– Amusement Parks – roller coasters and other action rides create great emotions

– Fairs and Carnivals – games, where you work together to win prizes doing fun things is great

– Live shows at bars and clubs – music, dancing, an energetic crowd – this can all be great at creating emotion

– A sporting event – screaming crowds, action and excitement – really great

– The casino – money at stake, lady luck waiting to make or break you – this is a surefire emotion builder

These are just a few great examples of emotionally charged dates you can use to get your lover back. Feel free to use them, or any other great ideas you have.

Also, if you want to know more about how to get your lover back, here are a couple of additional tips.

How to Get Your Lover Back – Bonus Tip 1: Mini-Dates – instead of a single first date with your, exploit the time together to its fullest with several shorter, emotionally charged mini-dates in one.

How to Get Your Lover Back – Bonus Tip 2: Avoid talking about your previous relationship – You broke up…talking about that can be a serious drag on a great time.

How to Get Your Lover Back – Bonus Tip 3: Use psychological tactics – automatically switch on emotions and attractions in your ex, building a new relationship from the moment get together.

There you go…how to get your lover back using an emotionally charged “first” date!

Source by Matthew D Brown

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Disadvantages of E-books

Now, more and more people prefer e-books to traditional ones, because it can save their time and money. However, with various e-books flooded in, more and more people are aware of the disadvantages of e-books.

The fact that, e-books require special devices or personal computers can be looked as a disadvantage. Many e-books are typically produces to be compatible for certain software which in turn may be not easily available. Since e-books are dependent on other equipments, certain hardware or software failure may affect it. Unless the hardware, Internet connection or battery power that is required by an e-book reader is readily available, then its electronic documents are useless. In addition, e-books depending on hardware and software and are more easily damaged than a printed book

E-book reading devices are surely more expensive than printed books. All devices of e-books require power. There is a growing concern that the e-books at present may not be accessible or compatible to the future e-books software or devices.

Screen glare and eyestrain are a serious concern for many potential users of e-book technology. A major worry of reading from an e-book reader could hurt the eyes. The display resolution of computer screens and electronic devices is considerably less than the print quality produced by a printing press.

Reading from a computer lacks the familiarity and comfort of reading from a book. A paper book can be opened and flipped through, while an electronic text is more difficult to navigate.

E-books have unreliable life span. Paper has a much longer life span than most digital forms of storage. Because of the rapid development of new computer systems it is difficult to judge whether the software or hardware will become outdated. As new hardware is developed structures must be put into place to allow for the migration of existing materials to the new platforms so that they can still be accessed. Methods of preserving the electronic documents must also be developed. A high degree of reliability of the equipment must be part of the electronic devices that handle the replacements for printed books.

It can be hard to distinguish yourself from “almost anyone.’ for almost anyone can make an e-book. To make your book equivalent to a “real” book, you should find and evaluate several e-book publishers before making a deal. A flashy website does not guarantee a great publisher. Look at their e-books and see if yours fits in with that mix.

Source by Tian Xiang Yu

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Getting Rid of the Other Woman – How to Make Him Forget All About Her

by sinnga kilam 0 Comments

After your husband cheats, all you can think about is getting rid of the other woman. You want to completely banish her from his brain. Of course, she is constantly on your mind. Your every thought seems to center around this other woman. If you don’t know her or haven’t seen her, it’s even worse. Because then, the other woman is larger than life and something you can never hope to compete with. But, what if there was a way for you to make him forget all about her?

Sounds good doesn’t it? Believe it or not, getting rid of the other woman has never been easier. Keep reading to find out what you need to do to make your cheating husband forget all about the woman he cheated on you with.

  1. Become the better woman. Don’t become just like the other woman. He’s already had that. You want to go him one better. To do this, you need to sit down together and discuss what each of you wants and needs from the marriage. Once you know these things you can set about giving your husband the perfect wife (or the closest thing to it because there is no such thing as perfect in the real world we must all live in) he’s been looking for. He can do the same for you.
  2. Stop comparing yourself to the other woman. The odds are good that your husband isn’t doing that so why on earth should you torture yourself that way? The two of you are never going to be able to move forward as a couple if there is always someone else – the other woman – sitting at the table with you. You’ll never measure up in your mind. You’ll never even need to try in his.
  3. Let go of your anger. Do what you have to do to release the poison that anger can bring into your relationship. Go to church. Beat up on a punching bag. Eat a pint of Haagen-Dazs. You cannot save your marriage while you’re holding on to anger at your husband for cheating on you. When you forgive your husband, he’ll have no reason to hang on to the other woman.
  4. Make your home your husband’s shelter from the storm. Make your home his refuge. Make it the place he goes to escape the worries of the world and not a place where he discovers a whole new pile of worries.

Source by T Dub Jackson

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How to Authenticate Victorian Case Furniture Antiques

As an auctioneer, I’m often asked how do you tell if something is old?

What does the term period as it pertains to antiques?

How do I spot a fake or a reproduction?

I hope this article will clear a few things up on those issues?

What is the single thing I can do or buy that will make me the most money as a part time antiquer?

The answer to that question is the very last sentence in this article.

Period antiques: There’s sometimes a lot of confusion about the term PERIOD when it comes to antiques and there shouldn’t be because the term has a very clear cut meaning. The term period simply means the original era an antique was originally made throughout.

Let’s take for example the Gothic Period which originated in the 12th Century and lasted throughout the 16th. So that span in History would be the actual Gothic Period.

But the Gothic Style, like so many styles throughout history was copied many times after, so a Gothic styled piece of furniture from the 1800s can be an antique, because the technical definition of an antique is anything over 100 years old, but that item cannot be a period piece. To sum up: All period items are antiques, but not all antiques are period items.

Antiques that are copies of early periods are often referred to as “revival” or in the style of etc.

The dollar value of a period piece will be many times more than it’s revivalist cousins.

Often people will see something on the antiques roadshow and mistakenly say something like, “I have one of those, I never realized it was worth $15,000 dollars!” They think that the antique Chippendale Style chest of drawers they have is the same as the actual Chippendale Period Piece. After all theirs is an antique, it’s been in the family for over 100 years.

It’s tough sometimes when I have to tell them that what they have is certainly worth having, but it’s really only worth about $300 dollars in a strong market. If the person I’m relaying this information to is a prospective client, I’d better use some tact if I want to get the estate consignment.

Bringing people around on the real value of what they have is a big part of an auctioneers job and often very difficult, especially when expectations are dashed and the value is much less than they originally thought. To be honest, some folks who just won’t hear you out will often call in 2 or 3 auctioneers before they believe it.

Of course, the other side of that coin is the estate executor that thinks they were assigned to liquidate a house full of junk and it’s my delight to inform them that they’re actually in charge of a small fortune in antiques.(But somehow these folks aren’t as hard to convince, and usually need only one auctioneer to tell them that. It’s a true pleasure if that auctioneer is me! OK, well let’s get this train back on track because this segment is supposed to deal with authenticating antiques. We went over the difference between a period antique and a antique, but in most cases what the average person wants to know, at least at first, is, is that the item in question really old or is it a reproduction, a fake, or a fantasy piece.

Was it made 100 years ago, or last week. While the answer to that may seem obvious, there are some pretty talented people out there churning out new antiques. Before we get into the detective work of finding out whether something is old or not. Let’s look at the categories above because they are not all equal, here are the differences.

A fake: A fake can fall into a few different categories, it can be a legitimate reproduction, that someone has taken the identifying marks off of to try to pass it off as old. It can be something that was manufactured with the intent of deceiving the buyer. It can be an old item that has been altered.

A reproduction: A reproduction is something that was made to look as close to the original as possible, but is signed or otherwise marked to let the buyer know that it is not old. It’s not very high on the scale of collectiblity, but its several notches above a fake, and when the original isn’t obtainable, it’s a nice alternative.

A Fantasy Piece: A fantasy piece is something that is made to look old, but that actual item never really existed. Let’s say for example a Coca-Cola tray of which never saw production originally, but was made in the 1980s with the surface adorning a flapper models. Coke has many legitimate licensed fantasy items and they’re marked with the date of manufacture.

All of 3 of these exist in almost every category of antiques, from furniture to jewelry, which brings us to the feature of this show… authenticating what you have. Authenticating an antique is very much detective work. When you have the piece in front of you there is just no better way to find out whether or not it’s old than to use the simple but powerful skills of observation.

Let’s begin with case furniture. That being any type of furniture that has a case or a box type main structure. Dressers, blanket chests, bookcases, chests of drawers, Secretaries, writing desks.

One of the most revealing elements of these pieces is the drawer. Pull it out carefully and inspect it all the way around. Are the runners on the bottom well worn? Have they been replaced or repaired? This would obviously indicate wear which usually indicates age.

Now look at the inside edges of the drawers are there several small overlaps of stain or finish indicating that it’s been refinished a few times, or does it appear that there is no overlap of stain or an extremely faint amount, thus most likely indicating the item is in it’s original finish.(Big points for this, if it is an antique item.)

Are there extra holes next to the posts for the handle pulls. If so the handles were replaced and are not original. Of course even if there are not a pair of offset holes, the handles could have been replaced with a pair that had the exact post set measurements as the original handles. The other way to tell if handles have been replaced is to look close at the finish around the handles, is there a faint outline in the finish or sub-finish from an old handle. (Again, big points for original handles and original hardware.)

Now let’s have a look at the corners of the drawers, are they dovetailed? If so, this is quality construction. Are the dovetails hand-cut or machined? Hand cut would probably indicate an antique, the piece could just be hand crafted, but not very likely. More about that later. For this section, we’ll assume that hand-cut dovetails indicate antiques for the sake of moving along. Hand cut dovetails usually have a very narrow tail offset by a very fat one. Machined dovetails are very uniform in construction. Most of the machined dovetails came out after the 1850s, so it is still possible for an antique to have these and many do. In fact many pieces of antique furniture were manufactured in whole or in part, in factories throughout the world.

Are the corners scalloped with dowels inside a half-circle pattern down the side in a mortise & tenon fashion. This system is usually only seen on furniture made from about 1850 to 1880 and usually country pine more than anything else.

Nailed together joints are usually on home made type furniture, or unimportant manufactured furniture. It can still be well constructed, especially when compared to today’s pseudo wood anti-products, but it will never achieve the collectiblility of it’s well crafted cousins.

You’ll see a slot method on occasion also, this is a step above nailed joints, but below any dovetailing.

An important date for would be antiquers to remember is 1830. It’s the date that many historians recognize as the breakout of the Industrial Revolution. The only true statement we can make from this is that most of what came before it was hand made, and much of what came after was not. It’s not an absolute, but it’s the best we can do.

Antique detecting is like crime detecting in that it’s as much an art as it is a science.

So swell up and pa
t yourself on the other side all of you antiquers, not only are you kings & queens of the recyclable kingdom, but your an artists and scientists to boot.

Back to that drawer. So you’ve looked at the dovetails in the front of the drawer, but if it’s dovetailed or mortised all the way around it’s of better quality than those who use the method only on the front and leave the back joints to a slot method.

In a similar way, the feet or legs of a piece of case furniture will tell you the same thing. See, it was the common method to put the fancy ball and claw type feet or other fancy feet on the front, and straight feet on the back. The reason being that it often took a craftsman almost as much time to carve a great pair of feet as it would to construct the entire case, so the shortcut was to put straight legs on the back. Therefore the higher quality pieces would have the carved feet all the way around. If you’ve ever wondered why an auctioneer used the phrase ball & claw all the way around, that’s the reason.

Now the feet, if the legs or feet are post types, they should be slightly more narrow on the very bottom due to shrinkage through the ages. There should be wear, especially on chairs, which are moved around more than other pieces of furniture. But we were talking about case furniture weren’t we.

Look for signatures everywhere on the item. EVERYWHERE. With glass and china or other antiques, if there’s a makers mark, it’s common for the makers mark to be on the bottom, with case furniture, it could be on the bottom, the back or anywhere on the inside. I’ve found many pieces that were signed on the insides of drawers, bottoms of drawers, signed in pencil, carved,stamped and labeled. And unfortunately many pieces that are not signed.

Woods: The most commonly used woods were oak, elm, chestnut,walnut,pine, cherry and mahogany. Much of the early Victorian Antique stock is made from Chestnut, but nothing after that. The reason for this is a Chestnut blight that came to the US about 1908 pretty much wiped out the widespread American Chestnut tree.

Much of what is sold as Oak is actually Elm the two are so similar in grain, texture and composition. Pine is generally associated more with Primitives and country antiques. The dark wood on the elegant and very refined pieces are usually Walnut and on later pieces Mahogany. You’ll find Cherry on the better pieces as well, especially where a very hard wood is needed for construction.

On many of the Victorian Oak antiques, what is often referred to as carved, is actually an applied carving, which means a portion of piece is just a section of carving that was a applied or glued. A much easier and less costly process than actually carving the surface of the item. This is the reason you’ll see so many of these beautiful old oak pieces with the same frame, but a different look. That being said, some of these are actually carved and if you look close you can see the difference and should know the difference for it affects the price.

Another common method that is confused for carving is the ‘pressed’ look. This is when a section of a piece, usually chairs, have a design,machine pressed right into them. The chairs that adorn this method are very popular, but still, they are not carved. Probably the most valuable and famous of these chairs is a Larkin #1. Larkin co. out of Buffalo New York was a famous furniture and soap company. The company sold a great many of it’s items through the Sears & Roebuck catalog at the turn of the century. At the time your could order a sideboard for about 20 dollars and a complete dining room set for just under or just over $100 dollars depending on the options.

Another style you’ll see on the old country pieces or cottage pieces as they’re sometimes referred to is, grain painting. This is when the wood, always pine as far as I know, is painted to simulate the grain of a more expensive and exotic wood. Grain painting a practice that was once shunned by purists is now revered for it’s Folksiness. Let that be a lesson, if you go against the experts, you’ll often be in front of the pack. Just make sure if your buying for resale that you haven’t gone so far outside of the box that your unable to sell what you’ve purchased.

Here are a few tips on new, reproduction furniture.

There’s a lot of fine looking furniture coming out of South Pacific countries (fine at first glance that is) that is really of very poor quality and craftsmanship. You’ve probably seen it.

There are lots of Chippendale copies, usually in an exotic dark finish. This is actually something called PU PU wood or some kind of foolishness. It’s very brittle and practically breaks if you talk to loud next to it. I don’t know how it makes it over here on the containers in one piece, but it does. I’ve actually seen runners break pieces just moving them before.

As I said these appear to be great until you get a close look. Be warned though, these have hand cut dovetails and are even handcrafted.

I’m told this PuPu wood is actually a weed in the Philippines, and that they carve it when wet, then run it through a drying process.

Also note, the edges and ends of new furniture will be sharp and straight, old furniture will shrink and round at the edges with age.

Ultra-Shiny reproduction brass hardware on authentic antique Victorian furniture will actually bring down the price at auction. If you don’t have suitable pulls for an item, your better off to leave it bare than to don that garish clink.

Victorians painted their furniture very often, but original painting was always ornamental in nature and never had a solid coat. If you’ve got a solid color painted Victorian piece of furniture, it was defiantly painted years later.

A ‘marriage’ in the antiques world is when two different parts are pieced together to make a complete unit. It used to be that this was an abomination to antiquers, but they came around to accepting it when the ‘shabby chic’ set started buying married pieces. Ahhh….nothing says, “I can live with that” quicker than a good healthy profit. In most cases, never plan on re-finishing a piece for re-sale. In fact if your not a pro, make that never, you just won’t get your money back out of the process.

Learn 10 times more about the people in the business than you do the merchandise and your will be an antiques rock star!

Source by Walt Kolenda

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Do You Have the Skills Needed to Work on Cruise Ships?

If you have a strong desire to work on cruise ships, then it’s a good idea to think carefully about which positions on board you would be ideal for. There are certain types of jobs that do require specific qualifications and skills, namely those in the entertainment, beauty and youth staff departments.

Other jobs, however, require little or no qualifications or even experience, so don’t be put off applying for cruise line employment if you’re certain this is the career for you. Although many people believe it’s impossible to break into the industry without prior experience, this just isn’t true.

There are thousands of crewmembers who landed jobs with any particular skills or experience. There are many jobs that can easily be carried out using non-vocational skills and full training will be provided onboard.

Most people fail to land work on cruise ships not because of their lack of experience but because of their lack of know-how. Make sure you are applying for the position best suited to your abilities and skills and most importantly of all, is learning the knack of selling yourself. Knowing how to do this correctly can easily land you the job you desire!

If you do not have strong experience or any particular qualifications to speak of, then here’s some jobs on board that you should think about applying for:

* Cruise Staff – general people skills

* Casino Cashier – some customer service & cash handling experience

* Social Host – public speaking & people skills

* Gift Shop Associate – some retail or customer service experience

* Shore Excursion Staff – organizational & communication skills

* Bar Waiting Staff – full training provided

* Receptionist – organizational & admin skills

* Internet Manager – some internet experience

* Photographer – full training provided but you must show a genuine interest in photography.

* Cocktail Server – full training provided

* Tour Guide – communication & people skills

* Videographer – full training provided

* Guest Speaker – speaking skills with the ability to talk on a specific subject for an hour.

The list above isn’t exhaustive but it gives you a good overview of the types of cruise ship jobs you can get with any particular qualifications.

All jobs onboard require a high level of customer service skills, so if you have this use any experience you have in other areas to get started in the industry. No matter how limited this experience is, if it is marketed in the right way you can get your foot on the cruise line employment ladder.

Many crew members have started their careers in this way and have gone on to enjoy great success. It’s important to get your foot in the door and take the job you’re offered first in order to get that valuable experience. You can then use this to move into another area that you’re particularly interested in working in.

If you possibly can, you might consider gaining a few simple certificates that will greatly enhance your chances of success. Water safety instruction, CPR, or anything related to this area will give you the edge over other applicants when applying for cruise ship vacancies and ensure your resume looks even more impressive!

Classes are easy to find in most locations and there should be ones near you. Usually all that is required is one or two day’s attendance at each course.

For more information, contact the Red Cross for details of water safety courses or CPR training. Alternatively have a look at these websites: http://www.americanheart.org or http://www.redcross.org

After reading this article, you’ll realize you already have some of the skills necessary to obtain work on cruise ships, even if you didn’t think so before!

Source by Neil Maxwell Keys

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