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My Favorite Cave, Pettyjohn Cave

I could write many stories about Pettyjohn Cave, however I would like to explain here why this great cave is my favorite. For a Horizontal caver like myself, Pettyjohn has plenty to offer. Good climbs, challenging passages, waterfalls, formations, intriguing passages, extreme hard to reach places most of which I have not seen, possibilities for new discoveries and good mud.

Good Climbs

For some looking for climbing challenges, the entrance room has plenty to offer. This long room over 500 feet long and averaging 50 feet wide and 30 feet high ceilings, has two easy climbs just to reach the back. Near the entrance there is a good climb up into an upper formation room that connects to the main entrance room at the ceiling level. Most visitors rush pass this area to get to the back of the room or to head off to the main waterfall.

To reach the stream levels there are challenging climbs if you avoid the ropes left there by previous cavers. Some of these ropes have been in place for a long time and should not be used. One especially challenging climb is getting up into the Racoon Room, this large room in the mid level of the cave gives access to most of the middle levels of the cave. Pettyjohn Cave is divided up into three levels, the entrance room which is high and mostly dry, the middle levels which are dry passages making up about 1/3 of the known cave and reaching under the mountain to the north. A difficult climb from this northern section is up into the Echo Room, the largest room in the cave. A 100 by 200 foot room with high ceilings. And the lower stream passages which make up the largest portions of the cave.

The waterfall climb leads to a second waterfall that is much easer to climb and an up stream passage called Schreiber’s Extension that is yet to be completely explored.

Challenging Passages

From the main entrance room there are many ways to go deeper into the cave and at the start of each of these passages you will have a challenge. The Pancake squeeze on the way to the waterfall, some tight squeezes or hard climbs, depending on which route you choose, to get to the Volcano Room. Each route from the Main room is like a cave of its own. If you like maze’s try The Labyrinth in the southeast lower level of Pettyjohn. If you are looking for real adventure, explore the extreme northwest section called The Outer Limits. And for a good technical climb, explore the rooms above the Double Echo Domes.


If you like underground waterfalls, you will love Pettyjohn Cave. There are two good size waterfalls on the way to Schreiber’s Extension. A loud waterfall about 4 feet high just beyond the Chute and on the way to the Outer Limits. And another one that you have to climb over to enter the Labyrinth.


Formations are scattered through the cave. The Entrance Room contains the largest in the cave. The Signature Room and the passage to it are well worth seeing for the formations. And there is a beautiful formation room just before you get to the Volcano Room. Other nice formations will surprise you along the routes to the many sections of the cave.

Intriguing Passages

The Worm Tube is a long 150 feet crawl that is very tight and leads to the Echo Room and beyond. The Z-Bends is an interesting alternative to the Pancake Squeeze when going to the waterfall or the Racoon Room. There is a down sloping squeeze that is a real challenge to climb back up when you visit the East Stream passage and Crowell Domes. The small hole leading from the Bridge Room to the Mason-Dixon Passage is neat. And the stream canyon passage on the way to the waterfall is fun.

Extreme Places

The extreme places are for the hard core cavers that like fourteen hour trips and want to be pushed to their limits. Pettyjohn Cave offers four such areas. The Labyrinth, which I have only visited the start of.

The Discovery Room above the Emerald Pool that you have to use the old existing rope or do a hard technical climb. An extension pole was first used to reach this area. And I understand that there is much to be discovered beyond the Emerald Pool.

The Outer Limits which I am not even sure at what level you reach. I have explored the stream passage to tight muddy squeezes that finally turned me back and high dry passages that could also be the way. These were ten hour trips and I still had not found the Outer Limits. I meet Richard Schreiber once when I was leaving the cave and he was excited about getting back under the mountain and I believe that he was referring to the Outer Limits. I have a copy of most of his survey notes but I think that I am missing one that describes how to get there.

Schreiber’s Extension is a long stream passage with many leads and places to climb up into along the way. The end is a low stream passage which has been dug out and pushed to a second low room blocked by another low stream crawl. This passage continues around the edge of the mountain and takes in water from along the mountain side. The cave is still lower than the valley but under the edge of the mountain.

Possibilities for New Discoveries

The most promising area that I feel could be developed is to the East. There are many sink holes along the mountain east of the entrance and Crowell Domes is the most eastern portion of the cave with the exception of the Labyrinth and Screech Owl Cave. There is a possible lead from the Echo Room that I would like to push some day, but it would require some rock removal. There is also a large sink on the top of the mountain east of Pettyjohn that the water has I believe been traced to the sump below the Entrance Room in Pettyjohn. Pettyjohn provides drainage for most of this side of Pigeon Mountain until you get to Ellison Cave which drains the north end of the mountain. Recent discoveries have been made in Schreiber’s Extension, Discovery Room, and the Anamatosis Room. I have 36,117 feet of level survey plotted, almost seven miles (6.935 Miles) and a total survey length of 7.127 Miles.

Good Mud

Pettyjohn Cave is known for its mud. There are some places that you will loose your shoes in the sticky stuff. Crawl ways that you just slide through in the mud with two slots for your knees from all the traffic. I have seen the lower level flood with the water backing up from the stream canyon passage which is narrow and can restrict the water flow. Always check out the weather forecast before going to the main waterfall. You can read about cavers getting lost in the waterfall area for days and explore parts of the cave by clicking on pictures within the cave by visiting my web page. I also have other links to stories about Pettyjohn on the main page.

Source by Hubert Clark Crowell


Four Types of Marketing For Small Businesses

As a small business owner, you most likely spend quite a large amount of time trying to discern new ways to gain customers. Marketing can be a fun or stressful business. They key is to understand the types of marketing.

Instead of sending your marketing budget in many different directions, you can choose a specific type and be consistent with it. You will quickly see that your marketing budget pays off much more quickly.

Here, you will find information on four of the main types of marketing. This way, you will be able to choose the marketing actions that will work best for your business. You will then be able to point your marketing budget in the right direction.

1. Blanket marketing is a type that is often used by larger business. Blanket marketing means that you spend money advertising to everyone. Many people choose to do blanket marketing by advertising in magazines or newspapers. You will not really have control of who sees your advertising, but you will have the potential to reach many people.

The downside to blanket marketing is that it can be quite expensive, and you could be wasting money marketing to people who may never become your customers at all. Blanket marketing is best for those who have plenty of funds available and who feel that they will be able to gain many customers from the plan.

2. Targeted marketing is a method in which you choose a certain demographic and only market to them. This could mean that you advertise to everyone in a certain area. Alternatively, you could advertise to everyone in a certain age range.

The great thing about targeted marketing is that you will have a much better chance at getting customers since you will be advertising to the types of people who would most likely become customers. The downside is that it will take a little legwork to determine who your target is and then find the right way to advertise to them.

3. Social media marketing could be called the new kid in town since it is relatively a young concept. With this marketing, you use any one of the many popular social media sites to advertise your company. You can also use a daily blog to garner business.

The downside to this type of marketing is that you will be sending your information out to many people who may not be interested at all. With blogs, you will have to take the time to keep the blog up to date. Otherwise, people may stop reading it.

4. The last type of marketing is not marketing at all. There are not upsides to this. It may seem like a way to save money, but when your business fails, you will actually lose a great deal of money. It is extremely important to find marketing funds within your budget.

Source by Melissa B Evans


Great Jobs For People Who Love Working With Numbers

If you have always been the type of person who loved working with numbers and you were a math whiz in school, working with numbers may be a great career for you. There are plenty of options for those who enjoy the detail oriented requirements of working with numbers. Not everyone has the patients or exacting nature to spend their days staring at figures. However, if this is something you enjoy, your career options are both plentiful and prosperous. Live trading or working with technical analysis trading allows you to watch numbers all day long and make business investments based on what you see. You need to have a gut instinct for numbers and for the market, but if you are able to combine your talent with numbers and a strong gut instinct for market trends, you may have a long and prosperous career in front of you.

The market is not for everyone, but you may still enjoy working with money. Banking is one of the steadiest jobs a person can have. Creative types may think working in a bank is like a life sentence in prison, but if you are analytical and detail oriented, it may be the right career for you. Best of all, even those who enjoy working around people can work in a bank. It is sometimes a struggle to find a job that allows you to work with numbers while also being social and spending time with the community. Banking is the right job for friendly, social people who are good with numbers.

If you prefer to be more behind the scenes and work in more of a support role, consider a career in accounting. Accountants are often the unsung heroes of a company. They keep the budget on track with very little notice or recognition. Unlike departments like customer service or human resources, they have very little opportunity to work with other people. If you are the type who likes to go into your office, get your work done and be left alone, accounting may be the right job for you.

Those who enjoy the support role but who yearn for personal interaction can look into personal finance managing. There are a lot of people in the world who need assistance planning their financial presents and futures. If you are savvy with investments and you enjoy working with numbers and money, you can help people who would rather focus on other areas of their lives.

If you like working with numbers, but money is of no interest to you or the idea of handling someone else’s money is intimidating to you; consider a career as a statistician. In this field, you are still number crunching, but a lot of the pressure that is there with money is lacking with statistics. There are stat jobs for people with a wide range of interests and the field is used in everything from sports to politics to medicine. It is easy for a statistician to find work that combines two or more of their interests.

Source by Stewart Wrighter


How to Make Your Ex Miss You On Facebook – 3 Tips to Win Them Back

by sinnga kilam 0 Comments

Going through a breakup can be the most traumatizing thing especially when the person who now is your ex and you were deeply in love with each other. One of the most causes of breakups today is infidelity. However, some other reasons can also lead to people breaking up. Such kind of reasons include violence, a nagging boyfriend/girlfriend, extreme jealousy which makes the other person uncomfortable and so many other negative reasons which may make the significant other unattractive. In this article, I will not go deep into the causes of breakups but I will be giving you tips on how to make your ex miss you on Facebook where most exes spy on each other to see how the other person is doing after the breakup.

1. Avoid Posting Messages That Show You Are Miserable

This is number one mistake most people make after a breakup. It is OK to post what you want because it is your wall but saying something like, “without you I will die or without you I am horrible” clearly tells the other person you have nothing going on in your life without them which is very unattractive. Talk about things that don’t target your ex. Doing so, will at least make your ex wonder if you still think about them anymore. When they start getting worried that you are forgetting about them, they will try to find out for themselves what is going on in your life maybe even making a call to “check on you” which in this case, will be a win for you!

2. Make Them See You Are Having Fun Without Them

The main reason why relationship don’t last long nowadays is that couples stay together and do things together most of the time. This repetition causes boredom to set in. The ‘missing the other person’ part is not there anymore and once that part is not there, you can feel like your boyfriend or girlfriend is boring. Choosing to post a picture of you with tear filled eyes and a depressed face saying something like, “I am so bored, can’t wait for this day to be over” is a clear indication you are miserable without your ex. The idea here is how to make your ex miss you on Facebook and not how to make them feel like they need to rescue you from your boredom. Keep yourself busy with activities you love. Go hiking, shopping or swimming with your friends and have some fun! Post all the photos with a big smile plastered on your face even if deep in your heart you feel like crying and see how your ex will react. You will get him/her jealous of who you are hanging out with and maybe if they still love you, this might prompt them to make a move sooner or later with the fear of losing you to someone else.

3. Look Fabulous

When was the last time you looked your best? Probably the day the two of you met! This is the time to make yourself look beautiful. Shop for new clothes and update your overall look. Look gorgeous so that when you think about posting a picture of yourself on Facebook, your ex will drool over it for hours as he/she sees how people are complementing your beauty reminding him/her what they are missing. Looking sloppy won’t make anyone want you again but getting fit and looking your best is a sure way to go! This is an especially important part of learning how to make your ex miss you on Facebook.

However, not all relationships are meant to be. Don’t beat yourself up when things don’t go the way you wanted. Be positive. Do what you can do to make your ex miss you but if they don’t see or don’t care, maybe it’s time you move on. There are so many good men and women out there who will appreciate who you are and treat you the way you deserve! Keep searching you never know who you will meet tomorrow!

Source by Max Grimnar


How to Make Penis Bigger – Natural Methods to Enlarge Your Penis

by sinnga kilam 0 Comments

Penis enlargement is a popular topic that is ever increasing. Thousands of men feel inadequate when it comes to penis size, and often try many methods, devices, pills, and exercises in the hope of enlarging their penis.

For the majority of men the idea of gaining an increase in girth size is the most important part of penis enlargement, as it can compliment length gain and adds greater sexual pleasure for both men and women. The fact is though that nearly all men do not know how to make penis bigger.

Whereas there are many methods to try to enlarge the penis, from stretchers to pumps, to pills, to exercises, the best results for 99% of men will come from a combination of using proven exercises and a clinically proven stretching device. Another method that can also help when used with these two methods is Jelqing.

Achieving penis enlargement isn’t an overnight thing, despite what you may read by some company offering a miracle penis enlargement pill or penis pump. However, for those that wonder whether they can actually achieve a larger penis the answer is yes, as long as you stick to the exercises and use a traction device from a medically backed system. There is no doubt in this, but it is important to not jump from one “how to make penis bigger in 1 week” scam program to the next.

As soon as you’ve decided you want a bigger penis you have to dedicate yourself to doing the exercises and using the traction device. Stick to the system and you will achieve considerable increases in penis length and girth.

Penis enlargement can not only improve your confidence in the bedroom and when around women, but it can also help boost self esteem in day-to-day life. If you constantly think that you want to improve your confidence, naturally enlarge penis size, and help control premature ejaculations then you owe it to yourself to try a proven system, which I will show you later on.

Penis enlargement is a subject that comes with a lot of skepticism because of the many scams that surround male enhancement, and some of the devices do seem a little far fetched (penis pumps for example). Traction devices though are safe and do work, although not all will provide an increase in girth. This is why it is important to choose a superior device that will provide returns in both penis length and girth.

Source by Justin Thomas


Auction and Lottery: Which Is a Better Method of Allocating Scarce Licenses?

In China, some major cities are restricting new car purchases so that they can cut down on traffic and pollution. According to reports, only a certain number of licenses to purchase cars will be granted. The cities have been experiment with various models for granting these licenses that feature either an auction of lottery method. These methods each have their strong points, but there are also many critics of both systems. As the world watches China to see if this new license program will work to cut down on the nation’s traffic and pollution problems, it will also be able to witness the success of either type of allocation process.

The Auction Process

The auction process allows interested parties to bid on the licenses that are up for grabs, so to speak. In essence, interested bidders could run the cost of each license quite high. For a poor person who really needs a license in order to get to work or for traveling to visit family frequently, the cost at auction could be prohibitive. Critics say that only the wealthy will be able to obtain licenses at auction. On the other hand, people who really want a license and are willing to pay whatever it takes to obtain one will have the opportunity to do so.

The Lottery Process

The lottery process is far less lucrative for the city but also more democratic for the people. Anyone interested in obtaining a license can sign up for the lottery. Licenses are then granted by pulling names out of a hat, so to speak. While this system regards the rich and poor alike, it also allows anyone who is remotely interested in a license to throw their hat into the ring right along with parties that are more in desperate need of a license.

Which Allocation System Is Best?

What has been emerging from China’s large cities is that the auction system is increasingly favored. For one, lottery rules prevent winners from trading their licenses. So, if someone threw their name into the lottery and won, but they didn’t want the license as much as a relative, they couldn’t transfer the win. Moreover, the lottery seems to fuel more black market activity regarding the sale of licenses. As reports suggest, “the lottery does not satisfy all gainful trades is made painfully obvious by black markets for licenses.” (1)

Moving the process to an auction-based system removes the necessity of a black market process substantially and allows the city to reap the monetary benefits. In fact, cities that are making money on licenses can then turn around and spend that money on their public transportation systems.

Can’t Cities Adopt Both Models?

The simple answer to whether cities can adopt both the lottery and auction model is yes. Some are suggesting that it’s a great idea to split the licenses between the two systems. Allow some to be granted by the lottery and allow the rest to go to auction. It’s important to remember that the auction process assure “buyers of normal, traditional closings, without unnecessary confusion.” (Source: Heritage Global Partners, “Auctions,”) While the auction system seems to be increasingly popular in China, it is also a popular allocation method worldwide.


1. CKGSB Knowledge, “Restrictions on New Car Purchases,”

Source by Lillian Dawn


How To Get A Guy To See You More Often? He Will Naturally Want To Be With You More From This Point

by sinnga kilam 0 Comments

You’ve begun to date a guy, and are really attracted to him. Unfortunately, he’s always taking his time to ask you out, and as he does, he does it in a way that makes you unsure of how he really feels. If you want to exercise your power to make him ask you out on a more regular basis, here’s what you must do.

Maintain Your Beauty-

You don’t need to have the perfect body to be an undeniable force in his life. Just work on your cosmetics, having nice skin, luminous hair and a big warm smile. Men aren’t that big on the super hot looking chick. They know that these types of girls are too much to please, and they’d rather do without it. They prefer an easy-going girl, who is comfortable with herself and is stylish. Give the guy great satisfaction by choosing something fashionable and somewhat revealing, but not too much.

Make Him Feel A Sense Of Need-

It’s more important that he feels more need for you than you for him. That way you can exercise your power. Whenever he’s feeling down and out, and is in need of support, you can be there to lift his spirits and cheer him up. The more difficulties he’s going through the more he will need your support to help him through those times. This will prove how valuable you are when you are always there to make him happy.

Be Good An Expert Communicator-

A lot of girls are great listeners, mainly because they aren’t very strong speakers. It is just easier for them to agree with everything the guy says, and compliment and acknowledge everything he says. This type of girl is easily noticeable and isn’t respected for being very intelligible or self-confident. Don’t just be good at listening. Speak your mind and take pride in what you believe in. Speak to your boyfriend in a way that is articulate and overpowering, so that you draw his full interest and respect. He won’t just look at you as a pretty face, you will be an authoritative figure in his life, and what’s more sexy than that!

Be Straight Up-

There are some people who never get what they want, because they go through life hoping that things will go their way. They hope the weather will get better, or hope they will win the lottery. Hey, hoping is fine, but if you really want him, be persistent and call him, tell him what you want. Go to his house and have some courage.

Make Laughter A Big Part Of The Relationship-

Get him to see you more regularly, by telling him that’s exactly what you want. But do it in a joking way. You don’t want to sound too serious, and controlling about it. Don’t say “Where have you been?, why didn’t you call me?” Sounding all serious and worried. Be funny about it. Say ‘I do live in the same zip code as you, the last time I checked, we were located in the same city. You don’t have to be shy about coming to visit sometimes…” Something like that, that makes the point, but isn’t too direct.

Source by Ellen Lapointe


How to Detect a Fake Facebook Profile

Facebook is the one of the largest social networking website in the history of Internet. But being big is also the problem for both Facebook and for the users which uses it. As the number of Facebook users goes on increasing there are also risk involving with Facebook users with some fake profiles.

Yes these fake profiles, are real nuisance in your profiles. They might be stranger you might not know them but they are still in your friends list. Do you still believe in that profiles. Are they real?? This is the big questions which revolves around now-a-days. As per Facebook there are over 500 million active Facebook users. Out of them how many are fake are still unknown. By fake I mean to say how may are the profiles which makes embarrassments to others.

So i have researched it out and got 5 different ways to detect a fake Facebook profile which might be added in your friends list or may be just harassing you.

1. Friends list of the fake profile.

Check out its friend list. Yes it may give a clue to you. If it has more than thousands of friends, its time to raise your doubts. Yes a person may have a more than thousands of friends but not many, See your own friends list, it may just touch up around 1K. But having around 4k-5k friends in their list can be just not easily acceptable. How can one have almost 4000 -5000 friends??

For example suppose you gets a friend request of a GIRL or a BOY(opposite to your gender…yes you may start blushing). Look at the current friend lists of that request profile. Just check out the number of his/her friends and actually who are they? If a profile has more number of friends of opposite gender rather than its own. It might be a FAKE.

2. Check activities of that profiles.

Yes, their activities. This can be more important. Usually a spam profile might just create a Facebook profile with just email address and might not be looking to complete his profile and just start sending friend and Apps request to you. This might sometime embarrass you. That a person is just flooding your emails and notifications with too many apps request which you don’t even want to use.

Their activities might also tell you that the person on the other side whom you have just added is real or a fake. Look upon their Likes and there info. This might also gives you an hint whether that person is active or not and not just another spammer to you.

3. Images and videos.

You may be uploading all your stuff on the Facebook, either images or it may be your videos and share it with your friends. For detecting a fake profile, look out at his/her photos and videos. Also check out for the pics that others of his friends list have tagged that person on the pic. This might also give you a hint.

That person may (if you have added him/her in your friends list) may even tag you in some pics which may contain explicit or sexual material and it may cause you embarrassment as it gets shown on your wall and most of your friends are watching it.

Remove those tags first and remove that person immediately. You must report/block that person telling Facebook about it. You may find this of report/block link in his/her profile.

4. Check out links which they update or share.

Facebook, as it grows large has become a spam-book. With lost of spam,just flooding your emails and your notification, sometimes it just feels weird to look on all of them and just believe in them.

Some of the spam were like “Get a T-shirt from Facebook.” or “Pay this much amount to keep your Facebook account active.” Beware, these are just big SPAMS. They might take you to an external link and might even cause harm to your desktop or device.

Spams can also be spread through Facebook chat. Yes they might tell you download this software for video-calling and you end downloading it and gets a virus attack in your system as well as your browser and even your FACEBOOK ACCOUNT.

Check the profile who is flooding your emails and notification with these kind of SPAMS. Remove that person immediately.

5. POKE him/her.

Yes this can be funny idea, but it can also work to find out whether its fake or not. As I have mentioned in my first point of checking his/her friends. Poke him. If he/she pokes back,poke again. Also message him/her.Usually a spammer doesn’t feel the need in replying to all messages or poke they have received.

Their main aim is to just SPAM. Thus you may also check out this step and find out whether the person on the other side is real or FAKE.

Comment below if you have these type of spammers or fake profiles in your friends list and also how you got rid of them. Also share your thoughts and write a review of the above mentioned steps if you have followed them.

Source by Anish Sharma


Typhoo Tea: How to Make the Perfect Cup of English Tea

by sinnga kilam 0 Comments

How do you make the perfect cup of English Tea? Almost everyone, including tea companies, have an opinion. Now, the producers of Typhoo offer some advice.

For the unfamiliar, Typhoo is a brand of tea produced in England and popular across the world. Typhoo makes mostly the black variety that is available in regular and decaf.

Only a few simple steps are between you and the perfect cup.

First and most importantly, use fresh water each time you put the kettle on and boil it only once. Tea needs the oxygen in water to get its full taste. If you boil water again, all the oxygen is taken out of the water and the result will be a flat taste. Black varieties, such as Typhoo, need the water to be at a rolling boil.

Get out your Typhoo, regular or decaf, whatever you prefer. Place your loose or bag in the mug and then pour in freshly boiled water. Following this order will allow it to infuse and result in a better drink. Remove the bag or loose.

How long to steep? Typhoo recommends 3 minutes. The amount of time depends on how you like it. One difference between English and Irish teas is steeping. Irish products are better steeped at 3 to 5 minutes.

Now, depending on preference, use milk or sugar.

Do you use a teapot? Then, alter the directions a little. Put a bit of boiling water in the teapot to warm it and then pour it out.

How much tea should you use in a teapot? For bags, every 4 cups requires 2 bags. With loose, 1 teaspoon is required for each cup and 1 extra for the teapot. Steeping times remain the same.

If you want to follow these instructions, first make sure to get the genuine article. Look for genuine Typhoo, which is made in England. All Typhoo products are sealed in a foil pack and then are packed in the distinctive red box, except for the decaf which comes in a white box. The bags are round in shape and packed full of leaves. It is available in a variety of sizes in bags and loose.

If you are shopping, here is a tip. Since you don’t know how often stores sell the tea, look for freshness. All Typhoo products have a “Best By” date on the box. Make sure to get a “Best By” date at least a few months in the future. If you are shopping on the Internet, make sure the date is provided for you.

With a long history and worldwide availability, Typhoo is one of the world’s great brands. It was started in 1903 by John Sumner of Birmingham, England. He joined the family grocery business and successfully ran it for many years. Sumner started the tea business after his sister, who had indigestion, felt better after drinking tea.

Sumner marketed it under a brand name, Typhoo Tipps, rather than selling it loose in grocery stores. It was the first tea sold under a brand name. Actually, the word Tipps was misspelled due to a printing mistake but remained for years.

With high customer loyalty, the brand quickly grew, even though it was more expensive. Customers believed Typhoo aided digestion. Sumner used many methods to promote the brand, including, in 1906, selling Typhoo-branded teapots. He also inserted picture cards into each package. Even today, these cards are collectibles.

Source by Paul Gerst


Does Learning by "Osmosis" Really Work?

What do I mean by learning by “osmosis?” Osmosis is really a scientific term relating to the flow of fluids through a semi-permeable membrane. With respect to learning, it means a gradual, often unconscious process of assimilation. The term has been applied to “sleep learning,” but I’m using it in a broader sense here to refer to “unconscious learning.”

When we first learn how to speak, we learn from being around other people and simply picking it up by repetition–by osmosis–from people who already know how to speak. Most of us do not have to go to school to learn our native language. We simply pick it up because it is all around us. It doesn’t matter what the language is: English, French, Chinese…if it is what everyone else is speaking, we automatically pick up the basics when we are children.

The same is true about other things in our environment. It’s often how effective marketing campaigns are created. Companies will find celebrity opinion leaders and pay them to use their products. A classic example: Tiger Woods. You almost never see a picture of him without his Nike hat or shirt. Their logo is all over his equipment. Nike has paid Tiger, millions of dollars for his “endorsement” of their products.

Companies will also pay a hefty fee to have their products used by characters in a movie. Why? Because that will plant a subconscious suggestion in the minds of a certain percentage of people to want their product. A blatant example? When James Bond traded in his Astin Martin for the BMW convertible.

Have you ever been walking down the street only to find a song playing in your head? In this case, a song that you didn’t purchase, but one that happened to be playing in a store you were recently in. Or that you happened to hear on the radio or a television show or in a move. That “afterglow” is an example of the type of “osmosis” I’m referring to.

How does this apply to the use of Power Affirmation recordings? The application here is to find various ways to add positive thought to your every day environment. For example, you can do that by listening to various audio self-help books, putting up posters of positive statements, or by listening to Power Affirmation recordings. I like to let the recordings play in the background while I’m doing other things. Often, I’m not even paying full attention–it’s just “white noise” in the background. This is different from “subliminal learning” because the words can be clearly heard. I find that by doing this consistently, the Power Affirmations positively influence my thoughts so that the ideas are automatically there when I need them.

This is just one example of how I use my Power Affirmation recordings. There are also times when I actively participate in the affirmation. The point is, there are multiple ways to use them. The more you listen (even when you are not really paying close attention), the more they will help you. The more good “stuff” you put in, the more good “stuff” will come out.

Source by Bill Marshall